Cult Umbanda and Mina Umbanda

Anthropologists : Veronique Boyer , Marc Augé (EHESS) Belem 1993

Pos­session cults of African ori­gin have found their way into Brazil’s large cities. The Umbanda and Mina cults set them­selves apart, in that the hu­man and spirit world are very closely re­lated.

The medi­ums, who to a large ex­tent are wo­men, do not un­dergo an ini­ti­ation in the true sense, but are called upon dir­ectly by the spirits who chose them to help “suffer­ing man­kind”.